Nail Disorders

Nail Disorders and Its Treatments

Healthy nails appear smooth and have consistent coloring. As you age, you may develop vertical ridges, or your nails may be a bit more brittle. Many disorders can affect the nails, including deformity and dystrophy, infections, and ingrown toenails. Infections can involve any part of the nail and may or may not change the nail’s appearance. Most nail infections are fungal (onychomycosis), but bacterial and viral infections occur.

The nail unit is made up of the nail plate (the hard part of the nail made of the protein keratin) and the surrounding structures. The nail bed is underneath the nail and attaches the nail to the finger. The nail matrix is located at the base of the nail and is where nail growth originates. The cuticle connects the top of the nail plate to the skin behind it. The lunula is the half-moon shape at the base of the nail. The nail folds are the folds of hard skin at the sides of the nail plate where the nail and the skin meet.

Causes

Some of the causes of nail disorders include the following:

  • Infections (such as paronychia, warts, and green nail syndrome)
  • Injuries
  • Internal diseases (such as certain lung diseases, which can cause yellow nail syndrome)
  • Nail fungus (onychomycosis)
  • Structural problems (such as an ingrown toenail)
  • Birth deformities (such as pachyonychia congenita)
  • Drugs
  • Tumors

Treatments

Certain medical conditions can also change the appearance of your fingernails. However, these changes can be difficult to interpret. A doctor will see the condition, along with other symptoms and a physical examination, to make a diagnosis and will then suggest a treatment.

For treatment consult a doctor or book an appointment with us.

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