Acne Treatment

Facts about Acne and Acne Treatment

Acne is an infection of the skin, caused by changes in the sebaceous glands (oil glands). The most common form of acne is called acne vulgaris, which means “common acne“. The redness comes from the inflammation of the skin in response to the infection.  Most pimples form on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders.

Acne Treatment

Causes and Symptoms

The exact cause of acne is unknown. Several risk factors have been identified:

  • Age– Due to the hormonal changes, teenagers are more likely to develop acne.
  • Gender– Boys have more severe acne and develop it more often than girls.
  • Disease– Disorders related to thyroid, adrenal glands, and sex glands can complicate the occurrence of acne.
  • Heredity-Individuals with a family history of acne have greater susceptibility to the
  • Hormonal changes- before menstruation, during pregnancy, and menopause acne is known to flare.
  • Diet-No foods cause acne, but certain foods like chocolates, milk products, and oily junk food may cause flare-ups.
  • Drugs– a side effect of drugs including tranquilizers, antidepressants, antibiotics, oral contraceptives, and anabolic steroids.
  • Personal hygiene– Abrasive soaps, hard scrubbing, or picking at pimples will make them worse.
  • Cosmetics– Oil-based makeup and hair sprays worsen acne.
  • Environment– Exposure to oils and greases, polluted air, and sweating in hot weather aggravate acne.
  • Stress– Emotional stress may contribute to acne.

Acne is usually not conspicuous, although inflamed lesions may cause pain, tenderness, itching, or swelling. The most troubling aspects of these lesions are the negative cosmetic effects and potential for scarring. Some people, especially teenagers, become emotionally upset about their condition and have problems forming relationships or keeping jobs.

Types of acne/pimples

  • Whiteheads– remain under the skin and are very small
  • Blackheads– clearly visible, they are black and appear on the surface of the skin. Remember that a blackhead is not caused by dirt. Scrubbing your face vigorously when you see blackheads will not help.
  • Papules– visible on the surface of the skin. They are small bumps, usually pink.
  • Pustules– clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus at the top.
  • Nodules– clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid pimples. They are painful and are embedded deep in the skin.
  • Cysts– clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are painful and are filled with pus. Cysts can easily cause scars.

Acne Treatment

  • Oral drugs – Oral retinoid (vitamin A derivative), systemic antibiotics, Hormonal Therapy.
  • Local applications – Benzoyl peroxide, Topical antibiotics, Topical retinoid.
  • External treatment – Comedones extraction, chemical peeling, intense pulse light (blue light), microdermabrasion.

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